Lupin III Part II (Japan: ルパン三世 2nd series), also colloquially known as Shin Lupin III (新ルパン三世, lit. New Lupin III) or the Red Jacket series, is the second Lupin III television series which ran for 155 episodes spread over 4 seasons. It was simply titled "Lupin III" during broadcast, retrospectivelly getting "Part II" only with the airing of Part III.
Donning a red jacket, Lupin reunited with Jigen, Goemon, and Fujiko to resume their thieving ways. This series retained the comic tone Miyazaki and Takahata brought to the close of the first series. While the darker tones of the manga were left out, many of the manga stories were adapted into episodes.
Not much is known regarding the production of the Part II series. Tokyo Movie, the company that brought Part I was closed down in 1976 and was restructured as Tokyo Movie Shinsha (Tokyo Movie New Company) . Lupin the Third Part II was their first project that they produced with the help of outsourced studios such as Oh Production, Top Craft, and other currently unknown studios.
TMS also set up the studio Telecom Animation Film during this time originally for overseas work however they got their first work on the series.
Produced by the Japanese animation studio Tokyo Movie Shinsha, the series contains 155 episodes which aired between October 3, 1977 and October 6, 1980 on the Japanese television network, Nippon Television. Two feature films, The Mystery of Mamo and The Castle of Cagliostro, were released in theaters during the original broadcast run of the series.
The episodes, Wings of Death - Albatross and Farewell My Beloved Lupin, both directed by Hayao Miyazaki, were the first episodes of Red Jacket to appear in North America. They were dubbed by Streamline Pictures and distributed by Orion Home Video on VHS in 1993 and 1994, both under the title of "Lupin III: Tales of The Wolf". Both episodes were later bundled together on a single tape titled Lupin III's Greatest Capers. Twenty-six episodes of Geneon Entertainment's English adaptation of the anime aired on Adult Swim starting on Monday, January 13, 2003 (January 14, technically, since it premiered at midnight). Episodes 1–27 were broadcast on the channel, with the exception of episode 3. 79 episodes were dubbed in English before Geneon folded and are available on DVD.
Currently the entire series is available to stream via Crunchyroll in the US and the first 3 episodes in Japanese as well as episodes 1, 2, 4 and 28 in English are available to watch on Youtube via TMS official channels.
The series has the distinction of being the first anime series to be broadcast in stereo starting with episode 99 and intermittently to the end.
In Japan, it was nicknamed Shin Lupin III to differentiate from Lupin the Third Part I, reflecting the New Lupin III manga' title change although the series was still technically called Lupin III. It was only when Lupin the Third Part III got aired that retrospectively got the Part II title alongside Part I, even though officially it was known as Lupin the Third 2nd series (ルパン三世 2nd series) until TMS celebrated their 55th anniversary.
Outside of Japan, the Red Jacket nickname was easier on the grounds that Lupin wore a red jacket throughout the series.
In the US, it was also originally called Lupin the 3rd however for a different reason. Pioneer decided to choose Part 2 when it was brought over due to missing archives for Part I as well as it was the only other series that they had license to. Part I was not released until much later and the other series weren't dubbed until Part IV in 2017. (While The Woman Called Fujiko Mine was dubbed, it is considered a spinoff.)
Due to its popularity in Japan, the Red Jacket series was the basis of the TV Specials after previous failures regarding Pink Jacket (Legend of the Gold of Babylon) and Green Jacket (The Fuma Conspiracy).
When Streamline got the rights to license the two episodes that became Greatest Capers, TMS gave them the masters that used the Cliff Hanger name. Cliff Hanger was an attempt to bring Lupin to markets where they couldn't legally use his name however only the Laserdisc game and Latin American dubs of Part 1 were known to use the name. Streamline mostly replaced the Cliff Hanger logo with their own custom logo. 
The series has become extremely popular in Italy, going so far as to have a Lupin Store (a Disney Store-esque shop) located in Milan and is the only other country outside of Japan where re-runs are still aired on various Mediaset channels. There are various buildings with Lupin related artwork painted on. Restaurants that are named after the characters such as Zazà Ramen in Milan and Lupen and Margo (Lupin and Fujiko, with Lupen is spelt as it was pronounced and Margot was the name chosen for the Red Jacket dub) in Florence.
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